2023 International Joint Initiative for Research in Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Competition

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The 2023 International Joint Initiative for Research in Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation represents a collaboration among research funders from Brazil, Canada, Germany, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States to leverage international expertise to tackle the global challenges caused by climate change. Climate change has been recognized as the single most important threat to the future well-being and prosperity of our planet and all who inhabit it.

The Sixth Assessment Report of the United Nations (UN) Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) highlights that unprecedented changes in Earth’s climate are being observed in every region, impacting all ecosystems and societies, and will continue to intensify with further warming. In addition to causing significant loss of biodiversity, climate-related changes to ecosystems affect food and water security and increase the incidence of disease and natural disasters, which, in turn, increase human conflict, displacement and health impacts, including loss of life. Economies are also impacted as countries struggle with the increased costs of health care, damage to infrastructure, and the costs of adaptation measures. Costs related to climate change are increasing annually.

Much of the research to date has been centred around countries and regions in the Global North, where there are greater resources to invest in research and in development of technologies to mitigate or adapt to the effects of climate change. Conversely, low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), having contributed proportionally less to the emissions causing global warming, are disproportionately affected by climate change. In these countries, the impact is severe, affecting livelihoods, leading to increased poverty and exacerbating vulnerabilities.

More research and in-situ capacity development are needed on contextually and culturally appropriate strategies and interventions for effective mitigation and adaptation in populations most affected by climate change due to their geographic, social and/or economic circumstances. Without critical pairing of scientific knowledge creation and capacity development, such vulnerable groups will be at even greater risk from the impacts of climate change, including future weather events.


The 2023 International Joint Initiative for Research in Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation call aims to further the design and implementation of co-produced adaptation and mitigation strategies for vulnerable groups―those groups currently most impacted by the effects of climate change owing to both physical vulnerability (heightened exposure to events related to climate change and/or poor infrastructure) and socioeconomic vulnerability (limited resources to prepare for or respond to the impacts of climate change, including knowledge, technology or financial resources, or owing to conflict, security and fragility).

Developing strategies to improve resilience to climate change requires an interdisciplinary approach involving expertise across disciplines―including the natural sciences, engineering, health sciences, social sciences and humanities―and across sectors, including academia, government, not-for-profit organizations, community organizations and private industry. Co-development of research and solutions in partnership with the affected groups, enabling collaborative experiential learning and capacity development, is essential for long-term success.

Adaptive measures and mitigation strategies require physical infrastructure and nature-based solutions, as well as social, health and cultural interventions that are aligned with the community’s values. The effective planning and implementation of strategies also depend on enabling conditions, as identified by the Sixth Assessment IPCC reports: effective governance; adequate financing; buy-in from the community; and knowledge, which includes institutional capacity; science, technology and innovation; climate services; big data; and co-production (including Indigenous/local knowledge and boundary organizations). When these enabling conditions are absent, insufficient (in the case of funding), ineffective (in the case of governance) or resisted (in the case of imposed strategies), effective change is impeded.

Project teams must be interdisciplinary, incorporating expertise from across disciplines as appropriate to develop mitigation and adaptation strategies, and including expertise in the social sciences and/or humanities to address enabling factors, such as effective governance, community capacity and geopolitical and economic security.

The Sixth Assessment IPCC reports contain more than 130 key risks that could become severe, taking into consideration climate hazards, exposure and vulnerability. The reports grouped these key risks into eight representative key risks. The multiple connections among the representative key risks highlight the potential for the amplification of the impacts of climate change. The interconnectedness also emphasizes the importance of considering the broader context to prevent maladaptation―the exacerbation of other risks or risks in other regions caused by implementation of an adaptation and/or mitigation strategy in one location. To encourage research in comprehensive strategies, projects must directly address at least two of the representative key risks.

The eight representative key risks from the Sixth Assessment IPCC reports are the following:

  1. Risks to low-lying coastal socio-ecological systems

    Risks to natural coastal protection and habitats; lives, livelihoods, culture, heritage and well-being; and critical physical infrastructure in low-lying coastal areas, associated with a wide range of hazards, including sea level changes, ocean warming and acidification, weather extremes, sea ice loss and permafrost thaw.

  2. Risks to terrestrial and ocean ecosystems

    Transformation of terrestrial and ocean or coastal ecosystems through mechanisms including habitat loss or invading/invasive species, leading to significant changes in structure and/or functioning, and/or loss of biodiversity, and impacting the livelihoods and food security of the individuals, groups and communities that rely on them.

  3. Risks associated with critical physical infrastructure, networks and services

    Risks due to extreme events leading to the breakdown of physical infrastructure and networks providing critical goods and services, including infrastructure systems for energy, water, transportation, telecommunications, health care and emergency response, with impacts on the individuals, groups and populations that rely on them.

  4. Risks to living standards

    Risks of economic impacts at global and national scales, including impacts on poverty, well-being and livelihoods, and considering the exacerbating effects of impacts on socio-economic inequality among and within countries and how this affects the ability to respond to or address the impacts of climate change.

  5. Risks to human health

    Risks of widespread, substantial worsening of health conditions, including undernutrition and malnutrition; food safety risks; mortality due to heat; morbidity and mortality due to vector-borne diseases, food-borne and waterborne diseases; and impacts on mental health.

  6. Risks to food security

    Risks of food insecurity linked to global warming, drought, flooding, precipitation variability and weather extremes owing to impacts on food systems (involving elements such as reduced food production and diversity [crops, livestock and fisheries], safety, processing, supply chains, affordability, preparation and consumption).

  7. Risks to water security

    Risks from water-related hazards (floods and droughts), water scarcity and water quality deterioration (with impacts on sanitation and hygiene, food production, economic activities, ecosystems, and Indigenous and traditional cultures and ways of life).

  8. Risks to peace and to human mobility

    Risks to peace within and among societies, driven in part by climate change-induced increases in the number of people living in extreme poverty, in armed conflict, and in risks to human mobility, particularly involuntary migration and displacement or involuntary immobility.

Eligible projects

The 2023 International Joint Initiative for Research in Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation call will support research that is both interdisciplinary (integrating information, data, techniques, tools, perspectives, concepts or theories from two or more disciplines or bodies of specialized knowledge) and trans-sectoral (involving the academic, research, economic [businesses], societal [governmental and nongovernmental organizations] and community sectors, as appropriate) on participatory contextually and culturally appropriate mitigation and adaptation responses to at least two of the eight representative key risks of climate change, noted above. Projects must focus on responding to the needs of those most impacted by the effects of climate change, such as communities in low- and middle-income countries or Indigenous territories, or groups that are vulnerable due to their geographic, social and/or economic circumstances. All projects are required to partner with participating community or communities in the co-creation, implementation and ownership of the research and outcomes, and to develop approaches related to policy implementation and knowledge mobilization. In this way, the call aims to strengthen the connections among research, governance and communities, to ensure that funded projects are both transformative and impactful. This approach ensures that the projects also develop strategies related to policy, communication and community partnerships, to encourage acceptance, support and the behavioural changes required for implementation. Integration of team members from vulnerable groups is required.

To highlight the outcomes of funded projects and enable knowledge mobilization and cross-project learning, a forum will be organized at the midterm and at the end of the grant period. Applicants are encouraged to include expenses related to attending the forums in their project budgets. It is expected that policy-makers from governments and nongovernmental organizations will attend. The forums may also be a springboard for new research collaborations. Project teams are also encouraged to organize more frequent meetings with other project teams.


Date Milestone
January 2023 Competition launches
Convergence Portal opens for notices of intent to apply (NOIs)
February 2023 Information webinars
May 2, 2023 Deadline to submit a required NOI
May 7, 2023 Convergence Portal opens for full applications
September 12, 2023 Deadline to submit full application
February 2024 Notice of funding decisions
March 2024 Start date of awards


Applicants and research administrators: attend a webinar to learn more about the 2023 International Joint Initiative for Research in Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation competition and application process.

Webinars will be recorded, and the presentations made available following the session.

For applicants and research administrators:

Full application stage
Date Time (eastern) Language
May 16, 2023 10 a.m. to 12 p.m. French

Join webinar

May 18, 2023 10 a.m. to 12 p.m. English

Join webinar

Value and duration

Projects should be designed to be completed within three years. Funding is available for three-year projects. One-year no-cost extensions may be available in some circumstances, on request and requiring appropriate justification. The call is supported by research funding organizations from different countries, referred to as the “consortium partners.” The total amount of funding available to support each project will depend on the consortium partners that will be supporting the project. Refer to the information provided in the annexes (links in Table 1) for information on the level of financial support available.

Eligibility requirements

Applicants must apply as a transnational research project partnership. Project teams must be interdisciplinary and trans-sectoral, incorporating required disciplinary expertise to develop adaptation and mitigation strategies, and including appropriate stakeholders to reflect the participatory, co-developed nature of the project. It is strongly recommended that all project teams include at least one expert in social sciences or humanities among the co-principal investigators to ensure that the community/social dimension is integrated, fostering successful implementation of the strategies for maximum impact.

Each consortium partner may have additional eligibility rules for applicants and proposed projects. Use the links in Table 1 to review each funding organization’s eligibility rules, requirements, funding mandates, policies, eligible costs and procedure.

Project team

Project teams will be composed of co-principal investigators (co-PIs), co-applicants and collaborators. Co-PIs share responsibility for directing the project and co-ordinating proposed research activities, in addition to participating in the execution of the research project; co-applicants and collaborators contribute to executing the research project.

A minimum of three countries must be represented among the co-PIs, and the team must be eligible to receive funds from at least two consortium partners. At least one co-PI must be eligible to apply to the New Frontiers in Research Fund (NFRF) program.

To reflect the expertise required to deliver on the ambitious and interdisciplinary nature of the project, proposals must be submitted by interdisciplinary and trans-sectoral teams, with appropriate stakeholders including the vulnerable groups involved in the project. The appropriate team size and composition will depend on the requirements of the proposed project, and may include individuals from any discipline and sector.

To foster the participation of many, and to ensure that teams have enough time to dedicate to the project, individuals may participate as a co-PI on only one application to this competition. An individual who is listed as a co-PI on multiple applications will have their status changed to a co-applicant on all but one application, determined by the order in which they are received.

Early career researchers

Project teams are encouraged to support the next generation of researchers.

Application process

To apply to this call, teams must submit a notice of intent to apply (NOI) by May 2, 2023. The research team must then submit a full application by September 12, 2023.

Funding principles

The call will be implemented through a co-ordinated funding approach: each consortium partner will fund researcher(s) within a project team who are eligible to receive funding from them.

Funding will be awarded according to the rules, regulations, terms and conditions of the consortium partner. Eligible expenses may vary across a project team. Applicants must review the documentation from the relevant consortium partner(s) (links in Table 1) to ensure the proposed project meets all eligibility requirements. 

Team members who are not eligible to receive funds from other consortium partners may be eligible for support from NFRF. Using the links in Table 1, research teams should check the eligibility of expenses before submitting the full application.

Merit review


Indigenous research

For proposals involving Indigenous research, the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council’s Indigenous Research Statement of Principles and Guidelines for the Merit Review of Indigenous Research may be used as a reference. The guidelines are provided to merit reviewers to help build understanding of Indigenous research and research-related activities, and to help committee members interpret the specific evaluation criteria in the context of Indigenous research. The guidelines may also be useful to external assessors, postsecondary institutions and partner organizations that support Indigenous research.

Equity, diversity and inclusion considerations in research design

Equity, diversity and inclusion (EDI) in research design considers the potential impact that identity factors, such as sex, gender, race, ethnicity, religion, age and mental or physical disability, may have on the individual’s experience. The goal in considering EDI in research design is to promote rigorous research that is sensitive to sex and gender, as well as many other identity factors, such as race, ethnicity, religion, age, and mental or physical disability. EDI considerations must be integrated in the project design. A rationale must be provided in cases where a research team believes no aspect of their research may benefit from an analysis to consider sex, gender or other identity factors.

Portfolio of projects

The review process will consider diversity so that the portfolio of projects funded through the call is diverse in terms of topics, geography, research teams, as well as the groups/communities/individuals that will be impacted by the outcomes.

Selection criteria

There are six selection criteria for this funding opportunity. An overview of the criteria as they apply to the evaluation of proposals follows. The elements considered under each criterion are outlined in more detail in the evaluation matrices.


The proposed research must address at least two of the eight representative key risks and further the design and implementation of co-produced adaptation and mitigation strategies for vulnerable groups. Applications must clearly outline the risks the proposed work addresses. The proposal must also define and justify how the groups implicated in the work meet the definition of a vulnerable group.

Interdisciplinary and trans-sectoral approach

The proposed research must present an interdisciplinary and trans-sectoral approach. The interdisciplinary approach―integrating information, data, techniques, tools, perspectives, concepts or theories from two or more disciplines or bodies of specialized knowledge―brings a new perspective to the challenge. A trans-sectoral approach―which involves working across the academic, research, economic (businesses), societal sectors (governmental and nongovernmental organizations) and/or community sectors in the design and execution of the project―will ensure that projects yield useful and timely results.

Projects may involve any disciplines, thematic areas, approaches or subject areas and may address fundamental or applied challenges, but the interdisciplinary and trans-sectoral approach is considered essential to ensure that project outcomes have real impact and the potential to drive societal change. Proposals must explain how the disciplinary and sectoral perspectives, methodologies and techniques will be integrated, maintained and implemented to create interdisciplinary and trans-sectoral approaches. In addition, they must demonstrate that the team has the required expertise to execute the approach.

Equity, diversity and inclusion in the research environment, and support for early career researchers

Applicants must clearly demonstrate their commitment to EDI in their research teams, including among students, postdoctoral fellows, co-PIs, co-applicants and/or collaborators, as applicable. Teams should also consider diversity as it applies to career stages, sectors, institutions, regions and countries. They must explain what actions they will take, the outcomes expected, and the assessment planned for each of the following three key areas:

  • team composition and recruitment processes
  • training and development opportunities
  • inclusion

Actions taken are expected to remove barriers and provide opportunities for the meaningful integration of individuals from all groups (including women, Indigenous Peoples, members of racialized minorities and persons with disabilities).

An application must not include any personal information about members of the research team in the EDI section; the focus is on the team’s commitment to EDI, not its EDI profile.

For more information, see NFRF’s Best Practices in Equity, Diversity and Inclusion in Research.

High risk—novelty of approach / scientific rigour

High risk refers to the novelty of the proposed approach to the challenge and the quality of the research proposed. Proposals that address a rarely tackled challenge or an uncommon combination of risks may be considered higher risk. Proposals will have to explain:

  • how the project is novel, as it relates to the latest methods, concepts, information and techniques, as well as other major projects currently underway;
  • how the approach builds on and benefits from expertise, perspectives and resources of a wide variety of regions, disciplines and/or sectors, including the communities; and
  • why the approach is expected to lead to change.

High reward—anticipated impact

Funded proposals must have the potential to create a significant and real change or impact. Applications must explain the anticipated change or impact that is likely to result and its significance. Proposals must also outline the major short-, medium- and long-term changes that are expected, the likelihood of their being achieved, and who (or what) will be affected by the changes. High reward can be defined by elements such as, but not limited to:

  • having an economic, scientific, artistic, cultural, social, technological or health impact;
  • impacting and/or affecting large communities, or unique communities or subpopulations with the potential to provide lessons for other contexts;
  • significantly advancing current knowledge, methods and/or technologies, and positioning them for uptake; and/or
  • implementing, testing and refining solutions for maximum impact.

Feasibility—capacity to execute the project

Feasibility considers the plan and the ability to execute the activities. It includes elements such as:

  • research challenges being addressed;
  • knowledge, expertise, capacity and availability of the project team;
  • workplan and timeline;
  • value for money;
  • the plan for research uptake, partnering with the community, stakeholders and end users;
  • the plan for monitoring, evaluation and learning;
  • proposed approach, including EDI considerations in research design, where appropriate;
  • project’s partnership and reciprocity with communities and other stakeholders;
  • project’s partnership and reciprocity with Indigenous Peoples, where applicable;
  • suitability of the research environment;
  • management and governance plans; and
  • assessment of and approach to minimize the environmental footprint of the project (reuse of data, collaboration on field data collection, hybrid meetings, means of transportation, etc.).


Following the assessment of applications based on the criteria noted above, the multidisciplinary/multisectoral review panel may consider diversity as a second-order consideration. This consideration will only apply between equally rated applications to prioritize an application that addresses:

  • risks not tackled by other proposals ranked as high or higher in the call;
  • an uncommon combination of risks; and/or
  • challenges faced by vulnerable groups in unique geographic regions not tackled by other proposals ranked as high or higher in the call.

Review process

Notice of intent to apply stage

NOIs will be used for administrative purposes to assess indicative eligibility of the project team, identify external reviewers and compose the multidisciplinary/multisectoral review panel.

Full application stage

Full applications will be reviewed by external reviewers and members of the multidisciplinary/multisectoral review panel, who will consider the external reviewers’ input.

Efforts will be made to recruit a minimum of two external reviewers to evaluate each full application. Reviewers will be asked to comment on the interdisciplinarity, high risk, high reward and feasibility criteria. The external reviewers will have access to the summary from the NOI and to the EDI considerations in research design section, research proposal and budget justification from the full application.

Each application will be assigned to three members of the multidisciplinary/multisectoral review panel. Members will have access to the entire application, in addition to the external reviewer reports. The members will assess proposals against the following selection criteria, using the evaluation matrices as a guide:

  • Fit-to-program (pass/fail)
  • EDI in the research environment (pass/fail)
  • Interdisciplinary and trans-sectoral approach (pass/fail)
  • High risk (20%)
  • High reward (40%)
  • Feasibility (40%)

Members’ ratings for the high risk, high reward and feasibility criteria will determine an overall score for each application. The review panel will meet virtually to discuss the applications. In the event of a high volume of applications, members’ ratings may be used to identify those that will be discussed at the meeting. An application with an overall rating of fail for the fit-to-program, EDI or interdisciplinarity criteria is not considered fundable. The multidisciplinary/multisectoral review committee will agree to a final list ranking all applications according to their overall merit.

The ranked list will be used in discussions with consortium partners to determine which applications will be funded. Applications will be funded in their ranked order from highest score to lowest. An application in the list will only be skipped in cases where one consortium partner has no budget remaining to award to it.

Consortium partners

This call is supported by selected funders from different countries.

Table 1: Consortium Partners
Country Funding organization Eligible principal investigators Maximum value per project Contact


New Frontiers in Research Fund (NFRF), on behalf of the Canada Research Coordinating Committee and administered through the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Canadian postsecondary researchers eligible to apply to one of the three federal research funding agencies.




Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP)

Depends on the grant modality. A preliminary eligibility check will be necessary according to FAPESP guidelines.

Usual eligibility and restrictions should apply for Regular and Thematic Grants.

Regular Research grant: BRL$150.000 per year + one postdoctoral fellowship.

Thematic Project grant: not limited (but exceptionally short duration of 3+1 years).



Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation, DFG)

Researchers in Germany who have completed their doctorate are eligible to apply. Researchers who work at an institution that is not not-for-profit or one that does not allow immediate publication of research findings in a generally accessible form are not eligible.

The eligibility requirements of the Individual Research Grants Programme apply. This includes the duty to co-operate within Germany for members of non-university institutions with permanent positions (Guidelines on the Duty to Cooperate [PDF, 95 KB]).

No maximum budget.



The Research Council of Norway (RCN)

  1. approved doctorate or similar qualifications before the date of the application submission deadline; or
  2. qualified at associate professorship level or have current or previous employment in a position as forsker 1 (research professor), forsker 2 (senior researcher) or seniorforsker (senior researcher) in the institute sector or a health trust.

7 million NOK


South Africa

National Research Foundation (NRF)

In line with the NRF eligibility criteria and funding regulations, only working researchers residing in South Africa and affiliated with a recognized higher education or research institution such as a university, university of technology, science council, museum or other research institutions as declared by the Department of Science and Innovation are eligible to apply. Private higher education institutions are not eligible.

R3,2 million



Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)

All Swiss applicants must meet the eligibility requirements of the SNSF. The SNSF Funding Regulations (PDF, 244 KB), the General implementation regulations (PDF, 816 KB) and the Regulations on Project Funding (PDF, 119 KB) are applicable or applicable mutatis mutandis. Private companies are not eligible for funding.



United Kingdom

UK Research and Innovation (UKRI)

The principal investigator must be a researcher of postdoctoral level or higher, based at a UK research organization that is eligible for UKRI funding.



United States

National Science Foundation (NSF)

National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH)

Researchers based at institutions of higher education (IHEs): Two- and four-year IHEs (including community colleges) accredited in, and having a campus located in, the US. Special instructions for international branch campuses of US IHEs: If the proposal includes funding to be provided to an international branch campus of a US IHE (including through use of subawards and consultant arrangements), the proposer must explain the benefit(s) to the project of performance at the international branch campus and justify why the project activities cannot be performed at the US campus.

Researchers at not-for-profit, non-academic organizations: independent museums, observatories, research labs, professional societies and similar organizations in the US associated with educational or research activities.



New Frontiers in Research Fund

The NFRF supports world-leading interdisciplinary, international, high-risk, high-reward, transformative and rapid-response research led by Canadian researchers working with Canadian and international partners. Since 2018, the NFRF has funded hundreds of researchers in Canada and their co-investigators from over 40 countries in the development of novel research projects that address the critical challenges of our time. 

The NFRF is unique in its aim of supporting projects proposing novel interdisciplinary approaches with the potential for real impact. With a total annual budget exceeding C$100 million, NFRF has sought to promote these ends through three distinct funding streams. The 2023 International Joint Initiative for Research in Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation is delivered under the International stream.

The NFRF is under the strategic direction of the Canada Research Coordinating Committee, which provides a senior strategic forum for information-sharing, consensus-building and decision-making on forward-looking initiatives that strengthen Canada’s research enterprise, foster world-leading research, and advance social and economic well-being.


Sao Paulo Research Foundation

FAPESP is a public foundation, funded by the taxpayer in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, with the mission to support research projects in higher education and research institutions, in all fields of knowledge. By remit, FAPESP can only fund researchers affiliated to institutions based in the state of São Paulo.

The foundation works in close contact with the scientific community: all proposals are peer reviewed with the help of area panels composed of active researchers. It also supports large research programs in Biodiversity, Bioenergy, Global Climate Change, and in e-Science.

FAPESP maintains co-operation agreements with national and international research funding agencies, higher educational and research institutions, and business enterprises. The international co-operation covers a broad range of countries and agencies.

German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft)

The DFG is the central self-governing research funding organization in Germany. The DFG serves the sciences and humanities and promotes research of the highest quality in all its forms and disciplines at universities and non-university research institutions. The focus is on funding projects developed by the academic community itself in the area of knowledge-driven research.

The DFG funds research projects, creates competitive opportunities and conducts procedures for the review, evaluation, selection and decision of research proposals. It helps shape the overall conditions and standards of academic research. The DFG maintains dialogue with society, politics and business, and supports the transfer of knowledge. It advises state institutions and institutions working in the public interest on issues relating to academic research and research policy.

Moreover, the DFG takes particular care to promote international co-operation, early career researchers, gender equality and diversity in science and the humanities.

Annex (PDF, 151 KB)

The Research Council of Norway

The RCN’s task is to make the best research and innovation possible. Our aim is to promote a society where research is created, used and shared, and thus contributes to restructuring and enhanced sustainability. The RCN invests NOK10 billion in research and innovation annually on behalf of the Norwegian government. It is our task to ensure that this funding goes to the best research and innovation projects.

Over 2,000 international peer reviewers assess and rank the grant proposals submitted to us. Funding decisions are taken by our portfolio boards, which are composed of nearly 200 independent board members from across all sectors.

The RCN is the key advisory body to the authorities on research policy issues and carries out tasks commissioned by 15 ministries. RCN’s activities play an important role in the government’s long-term plan for research and higher education.

Annex (PDF, 99 KB)

National Research Foundation

The NRF is an independent statutory body established through the National Research Foundation Act (Act No 23 of 1998). As a government-mandated research and science development agency, the NRF funds research, the development of high-end human capacity and critical research infrastructure to promote knowledge production across all disciplinary fields, including Indigenous knowledge systems. The goal of the NRF is to create innovative funding instruments for supporting postgraduate students and researchers, advance research career development, increase public science engagement and establish leading-edge research platforms that will transform the scientific landscape and inspire a representative research community to aspire to global competitiveness. The NRF promotes South African research and innovation interests across the country and internationally, and together with research institutions, business, industry and international partners, the NRF builds bridges between research communities for mutual benefit that contributes to national development. The NRF has the unique position of being the only public research institution mandated to advance, support and promote research in all areas of science and, as a result, partnerships and co-operation underpin an effective delivery model. 

Annex (PDF, 859 KB)

Swiss National Science Foundation

Based on a government mandate, the SNSF supports scientific research in all academic disciplines―from physics to medicine to sociology. At the end of 2021, the SNSF was funding 5,700 projects involving more than 20,000 researchers, which makes it the leading Swiss institution for promoting scientific research.

To ensure its independence, the SNSF was established as a private foundation in 1952. Its core task is the evaluation of research proposals. In 2021, it awarded 882 million francs to the most promising project proposals. By allocating public research money based on the principle of competition, the SNSF contributes to the high quality of research in Switzerland.

In close collaboration with higher education institutions and other partners, the SNSF strives to create optimal conditions for the development and international integration of Swiss research. It pays particular attention to the promotion of young researchers. In addition, it accepts evaluation mandates to ensure that large research initiatives funded by third parties deliver the highest scientific quality.

Annex (PDF, 164 KB)

UK Research and Innovation

UKRI is a nondepartmental public body of the Government of the United Kingdom that directs research and innovation funding. The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) are part of the nine bodies in UKRI. ESRC is the UK’s largest funder of economic, social, behavioural and human data science. ESRC supports independent, high quality research that has an impact on business, the public sector and civil society. AHRC funds world-class researchers in a wide range of arts and humanities areas, from philosophy and the creative industries to art conservation and product design. AHRC-funded research addresses some of society’s biggest challenges, such as tackling modern slavery, exploring the ethical implications of artificial intelligence, and understanding what it is to be human.


National Science Foundation

The NSF is an independent US federal agency created by Congress in 1950 "to promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; to secure the national defense...". The NSF’s mission supports the intellectual and economic progress of society and the enhancement of the well-being of its citizens through the continuous acquisition of new knowledge within the biological sciences; computer and information science and engineering; engineering, geosciences, mathematical and physical sciences; social, behavioural and economic sciences; STEM education; and technology, innovation and partnerships. With an annual budget of US$8.8 billion (FY 2022), the NSF funds approximately 27% of the total federal budget for basic research conducted at US colleges and universities.

The NSF fulfills its mission by issuing limited-term grants―currently about 12,000 new awards per year, with an average duration of three years―to fund specific research proposals that have been judged the most promising by a rigourous and objective merit-review system. Most of these awards go to US universities or research-related institutions to support research of individuals or small groups of investigators. Others provide funding for research centres, instruments and facilities that allow scientists, engineers and students to work at the outermost frontiers of knowledge. Thus, the NSF is funding research projects, state-of-the-art facilities and educational opportunities that will teach new skills to science and engineering students who are the workforce of tomorrow.

National Endowment for the Humanities

The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) is an independent federal agency created in 1965. It is one of the largest funders of humanities programs in the United States. NEH supports research and learning in history, literature, philosophy, and other areas of the humanities by funding selected, peer-reviewed proposals from around the nation. Additional information about the National Endowment for the Humanities and its grant programs is available at: neh.gov. The NEH is not a Consortium Partner in this call but will provide financial support to some projects through the NSF.


Terms and conditions

The consortium partners reserve the right to:

  • determine the eligibility of applications, based on the information therein;
  • interpret the regulations and policies governing their funding opportunities;
  • apply conditions to individual grants; and
  • alter, without advance notice, the terms and conditions of grant awards, with any and all major changes in regulations being announced promptly.

Frequently asked questions

Do projects need a Canadian team member?

Yes. The project must have at least one co-PI who is eligible to apply to NFRF, meaning their primary affiliation is with a Canadian institution currently holding full institutional eligibility with one of the federal research funding agencies. See the NFRF annex for more information on eligibility requirements for NFRF-eligible co-PIs.

Should all team members apply separately?

No. The NFRF-eligible co-PI is responsible for initiating the team’s application in the Convergence Portal and inviting the other team members to join. Once they accept the invitation, all co-PIs will be able to edit the application. Some consortium partners will also need additional information submitted directly to them. Follow the relevant consortium partners’ links in Table 1 for more information.

I am a participant (NPI, co-PI or co-applicant) on an active NFRF grant and/or am a participant on a current application to a competition in another NFRF stream (e.g., Exploration or Transformation). Am I eligible to apply to this competition?

There are no restrictions to participation for an individual who has applied for, will apply for, or currently holds (as an NPI, co-PI, or co-applicant) any other NFRF grant (Exploration, Transformation, Global Platform or special calls).

Can teams include members who are not from one of the consortium partner countries?

Yes. Some consortium partners may support team members from non-consortium countries. Consortium partners may each have additional eligibility rules for applicants and proposed projects. Follow the links in Table 1 and the consortium partner annexes for each funding organization’s eligibility rules, requirements, funding mandates, policies, eligible costs and procedures.  

For NFRF, team members who are not eligible to receive funds from other consortium partners may be eligible for support from NFRF (see the NFRF Annex). However, there must still be at least one co-PI on the team whose primary affiliation is with an eligible Canadian institution.

Can indirect costs be shared among partners within and outside Canada?

For NFRF funds, indirect costs are expected to be shared among applicants in the same proportion as NFRF funds for direct costs, if applicable. For funding from other consortium partners, check their annex.

Must applications deal with both adaptation and mitigation?

No. There is no expectation proposals will deal with both adaptation and mitigation. It is up to each research team to justify how the proposal meets the “fit to program” criteria.

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